Requirements for bathroom waterproofing in Brisbane are –
The floor is required to be waterproofed and drained (falls between 1:60 and 1:80), walls to be water resistant and junctions and penetrations to be water proofed.
Out side of shower
Floors of concrete or compressed fibre cement sheet flooring are required to be water resistant and where a floor waste is provided, the floor should be graded to the waste (falls between 1:80 and 1:100). For bathrooms with timber floors, including particleboard plywood and other materials, waterproofing of the whole floor is required. Junctions must also be waterproof.
Baths & Spas
Floors of concrete or compressed fibre cement sheet flooring are required to be water resistant. Timber floors including particleboard plywood and other materials require waterproofing of the whole floor. Walls are to be water resistant and junctions to be waterproofed. Any penetrations such as horizontal surfaces around such fixtures are to be waterproof and adjacent vertical surfaces to be water resistant.
Laundries & WCs
Floors required to be water resistant and where a floor waste is provided the floor shall be graded to the waste. Junctions are to be water resistant.
Materials used are to be either waterproof or water resistant. Waterproof materials are those such as stainless steel, copper, waterproof flexible sheet flooring material with sealed joints and membranes meeting the requirements of AS 4858.
Water resistant substrates are walls (concrete, cement render, fibre cement sheeting, water resistant plasterboard and masonry); and floors (concrete, compressed fibre sheeting, fibre cement sheeting supported on a structural floor, flooring grade particleboard sheeting and structural plywood).
Water resistant surface materials are walls (laminated sheet, pre-decorated fibre cement sheeting, tiles and sanitary grade acrylic wall linings); and floors (tiles and water resistant flexible sheet flooring material sealed at joints).
Where water resistant cement render is not treated with an approved add-in mixture, complete waterproofing is required. Wet-area plasterboard must be installed to manufacturer’s recommendations. All cuts and penetrations must be sealed. Approved membranes that satisfy AS4858 must have a current test appraisal from CSIRO or similar. Plasterboard joints and nail heads in showers must be waterproof treated.
Shower walls: Shower walls are to be waterproofed to 150mm above shower floor substrate, or 25mm above maximum retained water level. Shower walls are to be water resistant to 1800mm from finished floor level. All internal and external corners and horizontal joints are to be waterproofed within the shower area. Plasterboard joints (outside shower) that extend inside shower areas must be waterproof. Unenclosed shower areas are to be waterproofed to 1500mm from shower. Tap-penetrations are to be sealed. Further, tap washers must be accessible without damaging the seal around tap penetrations.
Floors and horizontal surfaces adjoining an insert bath are to be waterproofed. Where the floor is waterproofed, the tanking of the walls is to be a minimum of 25mm above the finished floor level.
Summary of Changes
- Flashing in all wet areas apply to bathrooms and toilets, but do not apply to kitchens.
- Frameless shower screens require a full bathroom waterproofing system or 1.5m radius from shower rose and, where water stop angles are installed angles, must be made visible through the tile bed.
- Water stop must be installed in all wet-areas doorways.
- Tap washers must be able to be changed without disturbing waterproofing seals.
- Full bathroom waterproofing will be required when using particle board and plywood sub-base.
The BCA Performance Requirement for Wet Areas (Part 2.4.1), states, “To protect the structure of the building and to maintain the amenity of the occupants, water must be prevented from penetrating:
• behind fittings and linings; or
• into concealed spaces, of sanitary facilities, bathrooms, laundries and the like.
It is always advisable to check with local legislative authorities prior to waterproofing as this may be required to be undertaken by a licensed waterproofing professional like Sentinel Waterproofing.
Shower walls should be water resistant and penetrations waterproofed. Shower walls are to be waterproofed to 150mm above the shower floor substrate or 25mm above the maximum retained water level. Shower walls are to be water resistant to 1800mm from the finished floor level. Unenclosed shower areas are to be waterproofed to 1500mm from the shower. All internal and external corners and horizontal joints are to be waterproofed within the shower area. Plasterboard joints that extend into the shower area must also be waterproofed. Tap penetrations are to be sealed where tap washers must be accessible without damaging the seal around the tap penetration.
Floors and horizontal surfaces adjoining an insert bath are to be waterproofed. Where floors are waterproofed, tanking of the wall at the bath/floor and wall/floor junctions s is to be a minimum of 25mm above finished floor level with a horizontal leg of 50mm. The waterstop angle to the shower area must finish flush with the top of the finished floor level with a horizontal leg of 50mm adhered to the floor. This angle forms part of the waterproofing system and must be installed prior to its installation. Waterstops must also be installed in all wet area doorways. Bond breakers must be installed, where the membrane is bonded to the substrate, at all wall-to-floor and hob-to-wall junctions and at movement joints so that movement of the building can take place without breaking the membrane. Plasterboard joints and nail heads in showers must be waterproof treated.
Hobs must be constructed of masonry or concrete not timber and adequately secured to the floor. Enclosed hobless showers must be fitted with waterstop angles where the vertical leg of the angle must finish a minimum of 5mm above the level of the finished floor. Unenclosed hobless showers must be fitted with waterstop angles where the vertical leg of the angle must finish flush with the level of the finished floor. Shower screens must be fitted flush to the inside (shower side) of the hob. Frameless shower screens require a full floor waterproofing system or 1.5m radius from the shower rose and where waterstop angles are installed these must be made visible through the tile bed. Fixing penetrations must be sealed.
The waterproofing membrane must extend a minimum of 50mm onto the floor over the outside of the hob face. Flashing applies to all wet areas including bathrooms and toilets but not kitchens. Flashing materials must be a material that is deemed waterproof under the Standard. These include Stainless Steel, copper, waterproof flexible sheet flooring materials with sealed joints, or membranes meeting the requirements of AS 4858. Zincalume could only be used as a backing material behind sheeting or substrates and then the corner or junction waterproofed as per the Standard. Floor wastes are not required in bathrooms of Class 1 buildings but are required to be provided for in Class 2 buildings where the floor of the bathroom is located above another sole occupancy unit.
Door jambs and architraves that are installed prior to the installation of floor tiling should be waterproofed to the finished floor level to provide continuous seal between the perimeter flashing and the “waterstop”. The Standard recommends that door jambs and architraves be installed above floor tiling where possible.
Sentinel Waterproofing are the Brisbane Waterproofing professionals when it comes to waterproofing bathrooms and en suites. Covering the greater Brisbane region Sentinel Waterproofing can offer Home Owners full piece of mind when it come to what is required.